The Baroque period in music was long and eventful, and covers the development of both the orchestra and the diatonic tonal system. Early music is a broad musical era for the beginning of Western art music. Some general characteristics of Baroque Music are: Melody: A single melodic idea. endstream 8 0 obj 0000035223 00000 n The word “baroque” comes from the Portuguese word barroco meaning misshapen pearl, a negative description of the ornate and heavily ornamented music of this period. endobj •Instrumental music became just as important as vocal music. <> 0000015577 00000 n Characteristics. 0000035693 00000 n endobj 14 0 obj Many consider this era of music the richest and most diverse of music history. Contrast as a dramatic element Contrast is an important ingredient in the drama of a Baroque composition. -�E�#���14/���i�jY����MH�[GHs�jFɾ>Ԯ�d�s�I������\;'�\��L�U����"���. Characteristics of Baroque Music; Characteristics of Romantic Era Music; Characteristics of Renaissance Era Music; Characteristics of Classical Music. %PDF-1.5 stream George Handel For Students 6th - 8th. All your students need to study: Strand A (Baroque solo concerto) Strand B (The operas of Mozart) Strand C (The piano music of Chopin, Brahms and Grieg). Even in a Largo or Lento there is a simplicity that lets the melody reveal itself with transparency. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 14 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> influence may well lie in the characteristics and influences of his songs that make them so different from other folk artists of era. Imitative polyphony is the distinctive characteristic of Renaissance music. What are the characteristics of Baroque music? - Composers developed new structures for organising music using modulation and contrast, e.g. Practice tip: work for technical precision and clean execution. 0000012763 00000 n In order to make performance decisions such as these, a basic knowledge of Baroque harmony is vital, as is an appreciation of the practice of playing a dissonance more strongly than its resolution and of playing the bass note of a chord on the beat (as opposed to before the beat and the melody on the beat, as frequently done in the music of later periods). Prominent French Baroque composers were Lully, Couperin and Rameau. This distinctive “polarity” of the treble and bass lines is what gives Baroque music its unique structure. Baroque music also standardized the idea of tonality, in which a single tone in a musical scale is the central focus of the piece. Baroque dance was inseparable from music and theater, with its role in multimedia spectacles giving it a dramatic power and an expressive passion. 0000003284 00000 n Baroque music, a style of music that prevailed during the period from about 1600 to about 1750, known for its grandiose, dramatic, and energetic spirit but also for its stylistic diversity. A concise but highly detailed revision resource for the Baroque solo concerto, Classical Opera and Romantic Piano Music to suit AQA AS and A Level Music. <> Baroque composers believed that music was a powerful tool of communication and expression. This era was preceded by the renaissance era and was followed by the classical period. Named the Godfather of Baroque music, Italy’s “Giulio Cesare Monteverdi coined the term secunda prattica in the preface to his brother Claudio’s Scherzi musicali of 1607,” (Smith, 1996) issuing in the Baroque period. The harpsichord has far fewer keys than today’s piano. Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Music Page 3 INTRODUCTION The first three periods of Western Music History are classified as Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque. ... of the relationship between architectural space and Baroque music can be found. Lesson Planet. What we discover when we look closely at the characteristics of this period of musical history is that flows as a natural progression from the one that came before. <> 0000014162 00000 n This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era, with the galant style marking the transition between Baroque and Classical eras. Churches used the emotional and theatrical qualities of art to make worship more attractive and appealing. Early music generally comprises Medieval music (500–1400) and Renaissance music (1400–1600), but can also include Baroque music (1600–1750). 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