[51] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. In these national parks, there square measure around 1200 bird and 359 animal species, … [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Geographical area (sq km) 55,673. Kala, C.P. Himachal Pradesh has always been a winter paradise for visitors who want to take a respite after the harsh summer months. With snow-capped mountains all around and thick alpine forests providing a spell-binding experience, Himachal Pradesh is the place to be when winter arrives. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. DomainMarket.com sells premium domain names to entrepreneurs, businesses, and nonprofits that want to dominate their online marketplaces and … The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. Almost the entire state is densely vegetated. [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. Renuka-Lake. [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. Famous Places In Himachal Pradesh - Located in the lap of Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh is one of the top tourist places State of India. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. A green pearl in the Himalayan crown, Himachal Pradesh is blessed with a rich flora and fauna that graces the land with grandeur and majesty. scientific studies and long term monitoring of the flora and fauna including those listed under various threat categories by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and natural resources (IUCN). [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. वर्षा होती है | हिमाचल प्रदेश में प्रतिवर्ष सबसे कम वर्षा स्पीती में केवल 50 मिमी. Apart from the high altitude areas which are snow-laden year round, forests are abundant here. I hope this publication would be helpful for researchers, administrators, policy makers and other users to understand the current economic and social status of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Loved the Beauty of the Place. Pin is a refuge for the shy and endangered Snow Leopard. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. The word Hima actually means snow in Sanskritterminology. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. Himachal Pradesh have been incorporated in this publication which show actual picture of both states. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. How to reach Simbalbara National park. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. Among the Western Ghats endemics, 252 taxa are those confined to Kerala State.The flora comprises of 866 species of algae, 4800 species of fungi, 520 species of lichens, 350 species of bryophytes, 332 species of pteridophytes, 4 species of gymnosperms and … Himachal Pradesh Rain, Flora and Fauna वर्षा - हिमाचल प्रदेश में प्रतिवर्ष 1600 मिमी. Author: Munish Aggarwal owner of Sunrise Villa Shimla, Sunrise Travels and Sunrise internet solutions, writes on a variety of topics including finance, technology, lifestyle and travel. Night ...... Churdhar Sanctuary Churdhar Sanctuary is situated on the Churdhar Peak in Sirmaur District, of Himachal Pradesh and lies at an altitude varying from 2000 m to 3647 m. Churdhar peak is the highest peak in outer Himalayas. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. Hotel Staff Behaviour is Very Good. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. World Water Day. Would love to stay, Very good hotels and cabs provided by them. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. The rhododendrons you see along the hillsides around Shimla from March to May are breathtakingly beautiful. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. The temperate region above this grows oaks, deodar, blue pine, fir and spruce. meet an intensive space of fifty five,000 sq km, Himachal is home to the various rare and vulnerable animal species. The North west Himalaya (zone 2A of Rodgers and Panwar 1992) forms a distinct biogeographic zone in the Himalaya. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. As much as 68% of the land area is covered with jungles. In the uppermost climes, trees are sturdy with a vast network of roots (to help them tide over the weeks of burial under heavy snow). The southernmost tracts are dominated by sal (Shorea robusta), sisham, chir pine, dry deciduous and moist broad-leafed forests. Flora of Himachal Pradesh vol - 3. Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. HISTORY Himachal Pradesh is called the “Devbhumi” as it is regarded asthe Land of the Gods. After the winter snow thaws, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds, roses, chrysanthemums, tulips, lilies and other flowers are carefully cultivated. Wonderful stay at the Sunrise Holidays Hotel. Want to know about Flora and Fauna of Himachal Pradesh and Kerala? Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. The state is surrounded by Jammu & Kashmir on the North, Punjab on the West and the South-West, Haryana on the South, Uttar Pradesh on the South-East and China on the East. [130] The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. Flora and fauna of Himachal Pradesh Asian Paradise Flycatcher in Kullu: According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh, although area under tree cover is only 25.78%. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. The important part is this place is still untouched from hustle bustle of city. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. Overall economical and best !! The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. If you are vegetarian, friends, this is the best place as usually you need to search and find such places. Himachal Pradesh shares borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. Himachal is a land of jade forests and fresh air. Kerala flora and fauna. dry Sal forest. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. Wildlife of Himachal Pradesh is very vivid and diversified. [59], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. They take upmost care in providing vegetarian food and services. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. Himachal Pradesh is found on the foothills of the good Himalaya. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. Hotel Food was Delicious. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:37. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. Excellent Service. is located in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh India and has the representative area of temperate and alpine forests of Himachal. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. Himachal Pradesh literally means a region of snowymountains’. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world The Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a National Park in the year of 2010. Flora and Fauna On both sides of the valley, spread over 675 square kilometers are alpine pasture lands with a dry alpine and scrub type of vegetation that supports some rare and highly endangered species of wild animals. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. Nestled in Himalayan Peaks and glorious sun downs. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. FLora of Madhya Pradesh vol - 2. Manali, from where this excursion begins, has lush evergreen coniferous forests of deodar trees. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. Fauna and Flora The Indian Himalayan region of hosts many kind of natural heritages. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. 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